This collection of photographs is scattered across Lisbon to celebrate the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables.
Bananas that are sold commercially are the result of hybridisation of different species and therefore do not produce seeds. However, if you look a little closer, you can see little dark spots inside, which are the traces of non-viable seeds.
This is one of the most common vegetable species to appear on the dinner table, due to the fact that dozens of different cultivars and varieties of cabbage are derived from the same single species. In the case of broccoli and cauliflower — which belong to the Botrytis cultivar group — it’s their florets that we use in cooking.
Although they may resemble each other, cabbages belonging to the cultivar group Capitata belong to a number of different species. Their leaves, which vary in texture and colour, are what we use in cooking.
The asparagus we eat consists of the new shoots at the base of the plant, which are harvested before they become hard and inedible. They are rich in the amino acid asparagine, an important constituent of proteins.
The edible parts of an artichoke are the bracts (modified leaves) that protect its flowers when they are still immature. Artichokes are a member of the Asteraceae family, alongside other edible plants such as lettuces and endives.
The whitish film that you sometimes find covering grapes is known as ‘bloom’, a natural wax that grape vines produce to protect against insects and solar radiation.
This cultivar of European pear is Portuguese in origin, having been discovered at the beginning of the 19th century on the farm of Sr. Pedro António Rocha in the Oeste region, near Lisboa. It is subject to Portugal’s protected designation of origin system.
This fleshy fruit with white or pink pulp is produced by tropical cacti from South and Central America. Its nickname derives from the spikes or ‘scales’ that protrude from its skin.
Although we call it a vegetable, the pumpkin is in fact a fruit, as it is the seed-bearing structure of the plant that forms after its flowers have been pollinated.
Botanically-speaking an orange is a ‘hesperidium’, the name given to all citrus fruits. This is an allusion to the golden fruit of the Garden of the Hesperides in Greek mythology, which were said to bestow eternal youth.