This collection of photographs is scattered across Lisbon to celebrate the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables.
The fig is classified as an accessory fruit because, although it looks like a fruit, it is actually an inflorescence. In fact, its pulp is formed by thousands of tiny flowers.
The genus Prunus contains various species of plants whose juicy fruits are a common part of the human diet. In turn, each species contains many varieties and cultivars, to the delight of our taste buds.
The kiwi is a vine native to the temperate zones of Central and Eastern Asia. Its cultivation depends on efficient pollination, for example by bees, because the plant is dioecious: its male and female gametes are found on distinct individual plants, meaning pollen has to be carried between them.
The pomegranate is a fruit native to the Middle East, whose flavour and bright red juice are unmistakable. Its specific epithet — granatum — is a reference to the great quantity of seeds it produces.
The species Beta vulgaris has several cultivars that humans make use of. Some of them are known as chard, the veins of their leaves coloured red, white or yellow. Beetroot belongs to the same species, though in its case it’s the root that we eat.
There are many species of mint, as well as different cultivars. Rich in essential oils, the cool perfume of their leaves is instantly recognisable whether in a tea, a cold salad or a hot dish.
The turnip is a relative of the cabbage, belonging to the same genus, Brassica. Whereas with cabbage it’s the leaves that we eat, with turnips it’s the tuberous roots that find their way into our food.
The genus Allium has over 1000 species, among them the leek – with its cylindrical shape – garlic (Allium sativum) and onion (Allium cepa). The wild leek (Allium ampeloprasum), forebear of the leek and also edible, can be found growing in Portugal.
The stems and leaves of lettuce contain lactucin, a substance that has calming and sleep-inducing properties!
In botany, a strawberry is considered an accessory or ‘false’ fruit because, although it may look like a fruit, it grows from the receptacles that hold the plant’s ovaries rather than the ovaries themselves. The small yellow dots on the strawberry’s surface aren’t its seeds, they are in fact its fruit!
Wild fennel is found growing from the north to the south of mainland Portugal as well as in Madeira (where it gives its name to the island’s capital, Funchal). Its fragrant seeds and leaves can be used in salads and soups.